Basics of Cloud Computing

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Basics of Cloud Computing
Date: 09 Aug 2023
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Basics of Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing services refers to the provision of computer system resources such as data storage and computing power over the Internet, on-demand. A central tenet of this technology is that the service location and underlying hardware and operating system details are abstracted away from the end-user by a cloud computing company. This metaphorical use of "cloud" stems from older telecom network diagrams and represents a simplification of the technology.

The Evolution of Cloud Computing

The term "Cloud Computing" is a relatively new one, first coined in the early 2000s. However, the concept itself has been around for much longer, dating back to the 1960s when companies would rent time on mainframes from computer bureaus instead of buying their own. The advent of affordable personal computers eventually made these time-sharing services less popular, as did the rise of corporate data centers. Before Cloud Computing, client/server computing was the norm, with software applications, data, and controls centralized on the server-side. Users had to connect to the server to access data or run a program. Distributed computing followed, with computers networked together and resources shared when needed. These concepts eventually led to the development of Cloud Computing.

  • 1961: John McCarthy proposed the idea of computing as a utility.
  • 1999: delivered applications over the Internet, pioneering the utility computing model.
  • 2002: Amazon Web Services (AWS) launched, providing cloud services.
  • 2006: AWS introduced Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), the first commercially successful cloud computing service.
  • 2009: Google Apps began offering cloud-based enterprise applications.

How Cloud Computing Works?

In contrast to conventional IT hosting services, cloud computing doesn't typically require the user (whether they be a company, organization, or individual user) to own the infrastructure required to support the software or applications they use. Instead, a third entity owns and runs those components, and the end user only pays for the services they utilise. To put it another way, cloud computing is a utility-based, on-demand form of computing.

Characteristics of cloud computing

  • On-demand self-service: Users can use the cloud to access computing services whenever they need to, independently of the service provider. To give users the flexibility and control to respond to changing needs, computing services should be entirely on-demand.
  • Broad network access: Users can use their chosen devices to access cloud computing services through a network connection.
  • Resource pooling: The pooling of resources to provide computing services at scale is one of the most alluring aspects of cloud computing. Depending on the demand, consumers are given access to a pool of resources, including storage, memory, processing, and network bandwidth.
  • Rapid elasticity: Flexibility is needed for efficient resource allocation. Accurate and prompt resource assignments and the capacity to accommodate significant demand changes without compromising service levels or product quality are necessary.
  • Measured service: Cloud computing services are metered and measured using the utility model. With the help of this measurement, the service provider and the customer can monitor usage and estimate costs based on the resources they are using.

What are the implications of these characteristics?

By using and paying for only the necessary resources, cloud computing allows flexible delivery of integrated apps, content, and services to devices located anywhere and at any time in a scalable model. In the information technology sector, cloud computing enables businesses to forgo the hiring of large teams for infrastructure administration and support as well as the acquisition and distribution of expensive hardware, software, and networking resources. From a commercial perspective, cloud computing enables service providers to assist companies of any scale.

Cloud Computing Architecture

The architecture of cloud computing combines event-driven and service-oriented architectures. The front end and back end are separated from one another:

  • Front End: Client-side applications and interfaces are found on the front end, which is where platforms for cloud computing are accessed. Web servers, mobile phones, thin and fat clients, and tablets are some examples of the client-side technology.
  • Back End: The back end is a tool that service providers use to manage the resources needed to offer Cloud Computing services. It consists of a huge amount of servers, virtual machines, security mechanisms, deployment models, and traffic control systems, etc.

Components of Cloud Computing Architecture

  • Client infrastructure: A front-end element that offers a graphical user interface for the cloud
  • Application: The backend programme or software that a client uses to coordinate or carry out requests and requirements from the front end.
  • Service: The service, which manages all the activities carried out on a cloud computing system, is the brains of the cloud architecture. It controls which resources, such as storage, application development environments, and web apps, you have access to.
  • Runtime cloud: Provides virtual machines with the environments for runtime and execution.
  • Storage: Data needed to run applications is kept in the storage component in the back end. Although there are different cloud storage options available depending on the service provider, the majority of cloud service providers offer adaptable, scalable storage services that can accommodate enormous quantities of data. Storage options include persistent disks, solid-state drives, and hard drives in server cabinets.
  • Infrastructure: It provides functions at three different levels: host, network, and application. The hardware and software required to support the cloud computing model is referred to as cloud infrastructure, and it consists of servers, storage devices, network devices, virtualization software, and various other storage resources.
  • Management: Manages components like application, storage, infrastructure, runtime cloud, service, and other security issues in the backend and helps maintain coordination between them
  • Security: Implementing cloud security features and tools is essential to protecting data, applications, and platforms as more businesses embrace cloud computing. To provide visibility, guard against data loss and downtime, and guarantee redundancy, it is crucial to plan and design data security and network security. Regular backups, debugging, and virtual barriers may all be part of this.
  • Internet: The link or channel that connects the front end and the back end is the internet. It enables you to set up the frontend's and backend's contact information and communication.

Applications of Cloud Computing:

Cloud computing has many practical applications across different industries. Some common applications of cloud computing include:

  • Data storage and backup: Cloud storage services allow users to store and backup large amounts of data in the cloud, without the need for physical storage devices. Examples include Google Drive, Dropbox, and Microsoft OneDrive.
  • Cloud Computing in Education: Among the most significant developments by cloud computing applications in the education sector are e-learning, online remote learning courses, and student information portals. Students, instructors, and researchers can connect to the cloud of their institution in this new learning environment and access data and information. It is a welcoming setting for learning, teaching, and experimenting.
  • Antivirus Applications: Cloud antivirus software is a product of cloud computing, and it monitors and removes viruses and malware from an organisation's system while being kept in the cloud. Previously, businesses had to add antivirus software to their systems in order to identify security threats.
  • E-commerce Application: Ecommerce users and e-businesses can react quickly to opportunities as they arise thanks to cloud-based ecommerce apps. It gives business leaders a fresh method for getting things done quickly and efficiently. They handle customer data, product data, and other operational processes in cloud environments.
  • Big data analytics: The use of cloud computing for in-depth data analysis is one of its most significant uses. Big data cannot be stored using conventional data administration systems due to its enormous volume. Big data can now be stored and analysed by companies to produce priceless business insights thanks to the cloud's limitless storage capacity.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): Cloud computing can be used to store and analyze data from IoT devices, enabling real-time insights and decision-making. Examples include AWS IoT, Microsoft Azure IoT, and Google Cloud IoT.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): Cloud computing provides the computing power and storage required for training and deploying AI and ML models. Examples include Google Cloud AI, AWS Machine Learning, and Microsoft Azure Machine Learning.

Thus, we can say that coud computing has various benefits for both businesses and individuals. Whether its scalibility and flexibility of business or reducing expenditure on large servers are some of the various benefits of the technology. Moreover, cloud computing has democratized access to cutting-edge technologies, such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data analytics. Businesses can leverage these tools without significant upfront investments in hardware or expertise, accelerating innovation and unlocking new possibilities in various industries. Grizon Tech, a leading provider of cloud services, offers comprehensive solutions that empower businesses to harness the full potential of cloud computing and drive growth and efficiency in their operations

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